Analogs of Insulin

Native or regular insulin molecules self-associate as hexamers in an aqueous solution at a neutral PH and this aggregation slows absorption following subcutaneous injection. The onset of action is slow 30-60 minutes, long duration of the peak of 2-4 hours so it can cause postprandial hyperglycemia and late hypoglycemia.

Insulin

October 30, 2021 Types of Insulins Insulin is a polypeptide hormone made up of 51 amino acids. It is a key player in the intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Insulin is called a hormone of abundance. It is secreted after a meal when there is an abundance of nutrients, especially carbohydrates. It organizes … Continue reading Insulin

Glycemic Index Chart for Common Food

1st October'2021 Glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) is an important factor that diabetic patients and patients with risk of having diabetes should apply in their daily selection of carbohydrates foods. Food with a lower glycemic index should be selected. GI ranks the carbohydrates according to how quickly they are breakdown and release glucose … Continue reading Glycemic Index Chart for Common Food

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

1ST OCTOBER '2021 Glycemic index and glycemic load are important factors that diabetic patients and patients with risk of having diabetes should apply in their daily selection of carbohydrate food. Food with a lower glycemic index is a good choice. Glycemic index is a number from 0 to 100 assigned to food, with reference to … Continue reading Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

Prediabetes

1st October 2021 Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose is higher but not high enough to diagnose it as diabetes. If a glucose tolerance test is done randomly in a large population, 1-2 % will be found to have unsuspected diabetes. A much larger 5% or more (depending on age, race, and nutritional … Continue reading Prediabetes

Glucose Tolerance Test

24th September 2021 The Oral Glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a blood test to determine the ability of a person to metabolize a given load of glucose. It is a well-standardized test and is highly useful in diagnosing doubtful cases of diabetes. In conventional OGTT blood and urine sample is taken at the half-hourly interval … Continue reading Glucose Tolerance Test

Injecting Insulin Properly

24th September 2021 The insulin injecting technique is very important. Insulin is effective only if administered properly. injecting insulin with an insulin pen The usual site of injection is the abdomen. Other sites where injection may be given like the outer thigh, back of the arms, flanks, and buttocks region. The needle should be inserted … Continue reading Injecting Insulin Properly

Diabetes Mellitus

September 6, 2021 Overview Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by chronic hyperglycemia due to impaired insulin secretion, variable degrees of peripheral insulin resistance, or both. Diabetes Mellitus is common and according to WHO approximately 415 million adults have diabetes worldwide. This is estimated to be 1 in 11 of the world's … Continue reading Diabetes Mellitus

What To Look For When Buying a Glucometer

Updated June 3, 2022 Glucometer Blood glucose monitors are small hand-held devices that are used to measure blood glucose levels at home. Testing blood glucose is part of the management of diabetic patients. There are varieties of glucometers in the market that comes with different features to suit everyone's needs and preferences. Type-1 diabetic patients and Type-2 diabetic patients … Continue reading What To Look For When Buying a Glucometer

Insulin Pump

September 1, 2021 Insulin Pump Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) through a pump provides an alternative means of delivering insulin. It is the most physiological method of delivering insulin. It provides continuous subcutaneous delivery of short-acting insulin infusion (Lispro or Aspart) all day long and replaces the need for multiple daily injections in diabetics, especially … Continue reading Insulin Pump